All You Need to Know About Brick Homes

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Bricks and concrete blocks are some of the oldest and most reliable of building products. Bricks were first used 5, years ago and were made from dirt using straw as a binder. Later bricks were made from clay and fired in a kiln to increase their durability. The history of concrete blocks dates back to ancient Greece and Rome, although they were not manufactured commercially until the early 20th century.

Dating old brick and block is not a precise science, but there are a few things to look for.

Based on the size of the bricks used, the latter structure can probably be dated to about LEIDEN AS A PRODUCTION CENTRE. The development of brick.

How the bricks are put together – and sometimes where they are – are clues to the use of buildings. Please be aware that the information provided on this page may be out of date, or otherwise inaccurate due to the passage of time. For more detail, see our Archive and Deletion Policy. Few of us spend much time thinking about the physical construction of buildings.

But brickwork can convey much information about historical changes in building techniques and materials. Also, although not an infallible indication, different types of brickwork can help us to date the construction of a building. For instance, English Bond, which is characterised by a row of stretchers long sides alternating with a row of headers short ends , became common in the s and was the standard type of brickwork for British houses for almost three centuries.

Because it was renowned for its strength, it remained popular for industrial buildings right through to the end of the nineteenth century. Brickwork is also a measure of craft skills, so the more complex the patterns, the more skilled the worker.

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Chelsea Window. Sash set back with thick frame visible, likely dated Source: Le Lay Architects.

BRICKS THROUGH HISTORY. Table compiled by Richard Symonds, Sussex Archaeological Society. November Page 2. Period. Dating. Colour /.

Bricks are so common that we hardly spare them a glance, but in areas of the country with no suitable local building stone, brick has been the most important durable building material since Roman times. Brick is still favoured as the material of choice for many new-build projects, especially housing developments. Despite being renowned for its durability, problems in brickwork can be very serious. They are often caused by subsidence, settlement or bowing, but more commonly are the result of poor or incorrect maintenance.

Repointing with the wrong type of mortar, inappropriate cleaning by grit blasting or chemicals, or the application of water-repellent coatings, can all cause problems. This article provides an introduction to the repair and maintenance of traditional and historic brickwork, focussing on solid brickwork constructed with soft, porous lime mortars, as found in preth century buildings and structures.

Although many of the issues are common to larger buildings and structures, the emphasis here is on houses. Although brick construction in Britain dates from the Roman period, there is little evidence of significant use of the material after that until the lateth century Little Parnham Castle, Suffolk, for example. Technology probably developed under the influence of the Hanseatic League, trading from the Baltic through ports such as Hull, Kings Lynn and London, and decorative brickwork became briefly fashionable in the Tudor period.

Initially used for large, important structures, brick eventually took over from timber in many parts of England for the construction of ordinary vernacular buildings. However, the material did not become a substitute for stone until much later, when transport links by canal and rail had spread across the country.

Building with Adobe Brick Technique

For over years archaeologists excavated at the Mesopotamian city of Uruk in southern Iraq. The architectural remains date back years. A part of the ancient city is still visible today.

Dating bricks. Case studies. 4. CONSERVATION OF EARLY BRICKWORK. General maintenance. Cracking. Rising damp. Falling damp.

Deciding on the date of a brick is a far from simple process. The very first point to remember is that bricks are regularly re-cycled; consequently bricks may well be older than the buildings that contain them. Secondly, any attempt to date British bricks stylistically must allow for regional variations; the size of pre th century bricks, and their arrangement, did not conform to any nationwide standards.

If you want to date your local bricks you will have to get information specific to the county or city that you live in. Several methods of scientifically dating individual bricks have been explored. The most promising is rehydroxylation dating RHX. This technique can in fact be applied to all fired ceramics. After firing minute amounts of water slowly combine chemically with the ceramic leading to a very gradual, very small, gain in weight.

This weight increase happens at a predictable, but slowly declining, rate over hundreds or perhaps thousands of years, and is easily measured. RHX dating is still subject to active research but shows great promise. But reasons of cost and difficulty dictate that, for the foreseeable future, the amateur enthusiast will continue to depend on the appearance of bricks for date estimations.

Flemish Bond: A Hallmark of Traditional Architecture

Flemish bond is a frustrating misnomer because this brick bond is not native to Flanders or even nearby sections of France and Holland. However, it does appear on late medieval buildings in scattered areas of northern and central Europe, particularly Poland. In contrast to English bond, garden wall bond, or even haphazard bonds, which are functional bonds, Flemish bond is a decorative bond, one that lends visual quality to a wall surface.

The discussion below focuses mainly on the use of Flemish bond in Virginia since many well-preserved early examples remain there. And admittedly, I am more familiar with Virginia brickwork than that in other states. The subject is an extensive one and space in this blog limits me to highlights.

in dating bricks, particularly those made in the period before bricks were machine​-made and stamped. Due to the nature of early moulding, bricks were generally.

Ibstock Brick has a long history of brick making and industrial activity, dating back years to the early s. From the sinking of the first coal shaft at Ibstock in , to the launch of our new i-Studio in London, Ibstock has witnessed dozens of building and brick work innovations take place. The first coal shaft was sunk at Ibstock by William Thirby and by coal was being transported from the colliery on what was only the third railway line to be built in Britain, the Leicester to Swannington Line.

The business was purchased by the Thomson family, well known mine owners with collieries in Scotland. Ibstock was producing 3 million bricks per annum but after the First War, the business climate for coal mining became more and more difficult with growing labour unrest and low cost imports from Poland and Germany. North Works was opened as one of the very first tunnel kilns in Britain. To recognise its new direction, in the company was renamed Ibstock Brick and Tile Company Limited.

Production on the site steadily increased — by it was 10 million bricks and by it had risen to over 18 million. A decade of expansion for Ibstock; recognising the opportunity to promote the use of bricks to architects and specifiers, Ibstock recruited a specialist sales team and started to sell bricks as an architectural item rather than as a commodity. Purchase of Himley Brick. To help fund ambitious expansion plans, Ibstock become a public company in The proceeds were used in part to buy other brick companies.

Aldridge was purchased as was Burwell Brick, gault clay works near Cambridge. In Ibstock purchased Shawell Precast and started sticking brick slips onto a concrete backing.

Building history: bricks and mortar

Brick-work is so common that we don’t give it a second thought. What could be less interesting than a brick, you might think! But brickwork evolved to meet the needs of society, and over the centuries it has continually responded to changing needs, technology and fashions. The Romans had bricks, but they were very different from what we think of as a brick today.

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Our Reclaimed Brick Floor Tiles are sourced from specific parts of Eastern Europe and have been sliced from bricks dating back to the mid 19th century. We choose these reclaimed brick tiles based on their ease of maintenance and hard-wearing nature and are perfect for indoor and outdoor use when correctly sealed. They look great not only in period settings but go well within a contemporary feel too.

Ideal for high traffic areas, such as kitchens, restaurants, and churches. A practical tile that only looks better with age. One of the greatest parts is knowing that your brick flooring will be unique to you! No single tile is exactly the same and this gives a great natural feel to the floor which only adds character and value to your property or space.

The Lubelska Brick Floor Tile is great for any weather. Great for keeping a room cool during warmer climates but also works incredibly well with underfloor heating. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.

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